Berlin itself, which was situated in the Soviet zone, was divided into four sectors. Inthe Soviet authorities tried to annex the whole city and started a blockade of the US, British and French sectors. The plans failed due to the Berlin Airlift which carried supplies to the western sectors, and in May the blockade was lifted.
The bridge gained fame during the Cold War when it was used as a border crossing between West and East Berlin. The word "baum" means tree in German, and the bridge is said to have gotten its name from the tree trunk barriers that were placed at each end of the bridge at dark, in order to prevent passage and decrease smuggling.
The tiny bridge was modified in to accommodate heavier traffic and became the longest bridge in Berlin, at meters feet. As Berlin grew, however, the bridge was still not big enough for the city's swelling population.
Plans began for a new bridge, which would open in The New Bridge U-bahn train crossing on the bridge As the city considered plans for the new bridge, they decided that it should accommodate not only pedestrians and road vehicles, but also the new U-Bahn subway that was being planned for the city of Berlin.
The architect and government official, Otto Stahn, designed the new double-decker bridge using North German Gothic brick, in the style of a city gate, with many unique decorative elements like pointed arches and ornate coats of arms.
The two towers near the center are strictly ornamental. The U-Bahn crossed the bridge for the first time inand by the s, the bridge served to connect two of Berlin's newest districts, Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg. After the war, the bridge was repaired and served to connect the American and Soviet sectors of the bridge.
After the Wall When the Wall came down inthe bridge would soon come to represent the reunification of Germany. Restored to its former glory, but with a new steel middle section, the bridge reopened injust in time for the fifth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.The Berlin Wall stood for 10, days.
As of Feb. 5, , it has now been breached for over 10, days. From now on, Berlin will live with the memory of the wall for longer than it lived with. AUDIO: Fall of the Berlin Wall.
Audio recording of CBS News on the scene as scores of East Germans climb on top of the once-imprisoning Berlin . As the world marks 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, Robert McCartney and Marc Fisher, two former Post correspondents, look back at history as it unfolded in front of their eyes.
Erected in the dead of night on August 13, , the Berlin Wall (known as Berliner Mauer in German) was a physical division between West Berlin and East Germany. Its purpose was to keep disaffected East Germans from fleeing to the West. When the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, , its destruction.
If you weren't paying close attention, the fall of the Berlin Wall in November came as a complete surprise. If you weren't paying close attention, you'd believe it came as the result of Ronald Reagan's famous exhortation when visiting Berlin in , "Mr.
Gorbachev, tear down this wall!". The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer), an iconic symbol of the Cold War, was initially constructed starting on August 13, , and dismantled in the weeks following November 9, Part of the Iron Curtain, the Berlin Wall was the most prominent part of the German Democratic Republic’s border system..
Conceived by the East German administration of Walter Ulbricht and approved by Soviet.