Slavery in colonial america

Introduction to Colonial African American Life Historical interpreters shoulder their tools and head for a day of labor in the fields as slaves would have done in colonial times.

Slavery in colonial america

Introduction to Colonial African American Life Historical interpreters shoulder their tools and head for a day of labor in the fields as slaves would have done in colonial times.

Introduction to Colonial African American Life Slavery existed in every colony At the dawn of the American Revolution, 20 percent of the population in the thirteen colonies was of African descent.

The legalized practice of enslaving blacks occurred in every colony, but the economic realities of the southern colonies perpetuated the institution first legalized in Massachusetts in During the Revolutionary era, more than half of all African Americans lived in Virginia and Maryland.

Slavery in colonial america

Most blacks lived in the Chesapeake region, where they made up more than 50 to 60 percent of the overall population. The majority, but not all, of these African Americans were slaves.

In fact, the first official United States Census taken in showed that eight percent of the black populace was free. Whether free or enslaved, blacks in the Chesapeake established familial relationships, networks for disseminating information, survival techniques, and various forms of resistance to their condition.

Slave labor required for farming and tobacco cultivating The majority of blacks living in the Chesapeake worked on tobacco plantations and large farms. Since the cultivation of tobacco was extremely labor-intensive, African slave labor was used, despite questions of whether slavery was morally right.

Tobacco cultivation rivaled the sugar production of the British West Indies. Tobacco was an eleven-month crop. Cultivation began in late January with the preparation of the fields for planting, mending tools, and laying out the seed beds.

Once the soil was ready usually in Marchtobacco seedlings were transplanted to the fields. By mid summer, tobacco was growing in the fields, but the delicate plant required constant care. At harvest time, tobacco was gathered and prepared for its shipment to England. Plantation and farm slaves tend crops and livestock For slaves working on farms, the work was a little less tedious than tobacco cultivation, but no less demanding.

The variety of food crops and livestock usually kept slaves busy throughout the year. Despite the difficult labor, there were some minor advantages to working on a plantation or farm compared to working in an urban setting or household.

Generally, slaves on plantations lived in complete family units, their work dictated by the rising and setting of the sun, and they generally had Sundays off. The disadvantages, however, were stark.

Plantation slaves were more likely to be sold or transferred than those in a domestic setting. They were also subject to brutal and severe punishments, because they were regarded as less valuable than household or urban slaves.

In an interpretation of domestic slave life, a mother and daughter prepare a meal for the family. Few men on domestic sites Urban and household slaves generally did not live in complete family units.

Most domestic environments used female labor; therefore there were few men, if any, on domestic sites. Most male slaves in an urban setting were coachmen, waiting men, or gardeners. Others were tradesmen who worked in shops or were hired out.Introduction to Colonial African American Life Slavery existed in every colony.

At the dawn of the American Revolution, 20 percent of the population in the thirteen colonies was of African descent. Slavery was common throughout the thirteen colonies during the s.

Slave labor required for farming and tobacco cultivating

Most slaves were people of African descent. After the American Revolution, slavery was abolished in the Northern states, but continued in the Southern states until after the American Civil War. The roots of slavery in America. Nov 12,  · Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African slaves helped build the new nation into an economic powerhouse through the production of.

After the American Revolution, slavery was abolished in the Northern states, but continued in the Southern states until after the American Civil War. Indentured Servants The roots of slavery in America began with indentured servants.

- The Origins of Chattel Slavery in Colonial North America There have been many illuminating studies in the field of the origins of chattel slavery in Colonial North America.

Alpert, ; Edmondson, ; Jordan, Ruchames, ; Starr, , wrote seminal studies that did much to bring insight to the subject. Slavery in the colonial area which later became the United States (–) developed from complex factors, and researchers have proposed several theories to explain the development of the institution of slavery and of the slave trade.

Slavery in colonial america
Slavery in America - HISTORY