Research method ethical issues

Ethical Considerations in Quantitative Research Ethical considerations for quantitative research will be examined in this module. Describe why adhering to ethical principles is important in research.

Research method ethical issues

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Legal and ethical issues form an important component of modern research, related to the subject and researcher.

This article seeks to briefly review the various international guidelines and regulations that exist on issues related to informed consent, confidentiality, providing incentives and various forms of research misconduct.

Researchers should note the major international guidelines and regional differences in legislation. Hence, specific ethical advice should be sought at local Research method ethical issues Review Committees.

The Declaration of Helsinki established ethical principles applied to clinical research involving human participants. The purpose of a clinical research is to systematically collect and analyse data from which conclusions are drawn, that may be generalisable, so as to improve the clinical practice and benefit patients in future.

In this article, we will briefly review the legal and ethical issues pertaining to recruitment of human subjects, basic principles of informed consent and precautions to be taken during data and clinical research publications.

Some of the core principles of GCP in research include defining responsibilities of sponsors, investigators, consent process monitoring and auditing procedures and protection of human subjects. Mistreatment of research subjects is considered research misconduct no ethical review approval, failure to follow approved protocol, absent or inadequate informed consent, exposure of subjects to physical or psychological harm, exposure of subjects to harm due to unacceptable research practices or failure to maintain confidentiality.

As for a standard therapeutic intervention that carries certain risks, informed consent — that is voluntary, given freely and adequately informed — must be sought from participants. However, due to the research-centred, rather than patient-centred primary purpose, additional relevant information must be provided in clinical trials or research studies in informed consent form.

Ethical issues in ’observational research’

Informed consent is documented by means of written, signed and dated informed consent form. There are also general principles regarding risk assessment, scientific requirements, research protocols and registration, function of ethics committees, use of placebo, post-trial provisions and research publication.

The involvement of such populations must fulfil the requirement that they stand to benefit from the research outcome. The hierarchy of priority of the representative may be different between different countries and different regions within the same country; hence, local guidelines should be consulted.

Emergency research Emergency research studies occur where potential subjects are incapacitated and unable to give informed consent acute head trauma, cardiac arrest. Where identifying information is essential for scientific purposes clinical photographswritten informed consent must be obtained and the patient must be shown the manuscript before publication.

Subjects should also be informed if any potential identifiable material might be available through media access.

Research method ethical issues

It is imperative to obtain approval from the appropriate regulatory authorities before proceeding to any research. The constitution and the types of these bodies vary nation-wise.

Avoiding bias, inappropriate research methodology, incorrect reporting and inappropriate use of information Good, well-designed studies advance medical science development. Poorly conducted studies violate the principle of justice, as there are time and resources wastage for research sponsors, researchers and subjects, and undermine the societal trust on scientific enquiry.

Duplicate publication, redundant publication Publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published, without reference to the previous publication.

Transparent disclosure is important when submitting papers to journals to declare if the manuscript or related material has been published or submitted elsewhere, so that the editor can decide how to handle the submission or to seek further clarification.

Substantial contributions to the conception of design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data for the work Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content Final approval of the version to be published Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Authors and researchers have an ethical obligation to ensure the accuracy, publication and dissemination of the result of research,[ 4 ] as well as disclosing to publishers relevant corrections, retractions and errata, to protect scientific integrity of published evidence.

Research method ethical issues

Every research study involving human subjects must be registered in a publicly accessible database e. They should have their written permission sought for their names to be published and disclose any potential conflicts of interest. Various guidelines have been formulated by organisations and authorities, which serve as a guide to promote integrity, compliance and ethical standards in the conduct of research.Ethical Considerations can be specified as one of the most important parts of the research.

Dissertations may even be doomed to failure if this part is missing. According to Bryman and Bell ()[1] the following ten points represent the most important principles related to ethical considerations. What is Ethics in Research & Why is it Important? NIEHS Home Page; Health & Education; Research.

At NIEHS; One may also define ethics as a method, such as accepting stock or a consulting fee from a drug company that sponsors her research, raises no serious ethical issues.

Or perhaps a university administrator sees no ethical problem in. Give examples of several ethical issues that arise in psychological research—including ones that affect research participants, the scientific community, and society more generally.

Ethics is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with morality—what it means to behave morally and how people can achieve that goal.

The handling of these ethical issues greatly impact the integrity of the research project and can affect whether or not the project receives funding. Because ethical considerations are so important in research, many professional associations and agencies have adopted codes and policies that outline ethical behavior and guide researchers.

Issues of Ethical Research Words | 3 Pages. Issues of Ethical Research The vast majority of ethical dilemmas regarding research and the involvement of human participants is associated with concerns that are decidedly monetary in nature. Jun 10,  · Legal and ethical issues form an important component of modern research, related to the subject and researcher.

This article seeks to briefly review the various international guidelines and regulations that exist on issues related to informed consent, confidentiality, providing incentives and various forms of research misconduct.

Ethical Concerns in Survey Research - Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching