Rencontre assyriologique internationale 60

In late July, scholars from near and far convened to enjoy the medieval charm of Marburg, participate in stimulating discussions, and meet a delegation from Iraq. With its historical appeal and walkable size, Marburg proved an ideal setting for the conference — it seemed that the entire town had been taken over by Assyriologists for the week.

Rencontre assyriologique internationale 60

Fortune and Rencontre assyriologique internationale 60 in the Ancient Near East.

Philipps-Universität Marburg

All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America www. Rencontre assyriologique internationale 60th: Uniwersytet Warszawski, host institution. Fortune and misfortune in the Ancient Near East: Olga Drewnowska and Malgorzata Sandowicz, eds. Fortune and Misfortune in the Ancient Near East: Introduction During the Amarna period, political contacts and transactions became more pronounced, as exempliied by an increase in marriage alliances and by the large volume of exchanged royal gifts.

The complex political and economic contacts in- cluded alliances and the exchange of gifts between the Great Kings through an intricate chain of messenger-merchants who traveled between the various courts.

Rencontre assyriologique internationale 60

Great Kings proclaimed their self-suiciency, but in fact depended on each other for the supply of gold, copper, silver, horses, garments, and grain.

They obtained these goods by a dense network of reciprocal ties and by the regular exchange of messengers. Negotiations were essential mechanisms for managing these ties and transactions.

Rencontre assyriologique internationale 60

The Amarna Archive is considered a privileged source of information for the study of the role of messengers and merchants in the Eastern Mediterranean dur- ing the Late Bronze Age — b. Egyptian interests as relected in the Amarna Letters are related to geopolitical and commercial concerns principally in the Syro-Canaanite corridor.

Egyptian residents in the Levant, principally mer- chants, messengers, agents, oicials, and soldiers, seem to have enjoyed some claim to protection. Egypt would be concerned, as the other Great Kings, for the welfare of its people living abroad.

Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale

Without order in this region, people would be at risk, free passage in jeopardy, and the payment of tribute and performance of other ruler duties in question Cohen Inter-regional politics was focused on the struggle to maintain the Levantine corridor, a complex bufer zone.

The great pow- ers had similar interests, such as the control of trade routes and ports and the maintenance of a luid exchange system and security.

Most of the inter-regional con- tacts was concerned with exchange and its complications. Nevertheless, the study of the inter-regional contacts would remain biased without considering the impact of unoicial mechanisms, which are very diicult to recognize in the oicial sources.

I am particularly grateful to Dr. Yitzhaq Feder University of Haifa for reading this pa- per and making signiicant comments. Translations of Amarna letters follow Moranwith minor changes. The sources relect that sometimes messengers and merchants had to put into practice their own decision-making processes to accomplish a royal mission or a private enterprise.

Fortunes of Messengers Messengers and interpreters had to travel extensively to deliver messages, re- quests and gifts, and to prepare the route for merchants in peaceful circumstances or troops in times of hostility. Gift-exchange followed the traditional rules of reciprocity and generosity.

Fortune and Misfortune in the Ancient Near East

Similarly, hospitality was a typical aspect of the way negotiations were established Liverani Great Kings during the Amarna period are known to have maintained a commu- nication network which allowed the rapid low of information vital to the welfare of the palaces.

In general, messengers found hospitality and rest in oicial-posts and private taverns. According to the status of his employer, a messenger was provided with a means of transportation, such as a donkey, horse, chariot or boat.

Often, he traveled with a caravan or was provided with an escort or messenger. Merchants in the Levant seem to have conducted both oicial and private transactions Jones There is certainly evidence of well-qualiied messengers at work in the Amarna system.

Most negotiations take place through messengers, agents, and envoys, who are authorized to represent their kings or rulers in the Levant.

Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale 63 - The International Association for Assyriology

In general, the messengers were high oicials from the palace administration and sometimes even members of the royal family Oller Some of them were of noble position, including the sons of Great Kings and even small rulers or kinglets them- selves.

In EA 29, three members of the same family are mentioned as messengers of the king of Mitanni: A signiicant number of messengers around 28 are men- tioned by name in 23 letters from the Amarna archive. Some of them are mentioned several times, such as the Egyptian messenger, Mane, and the Mitannian envoy, Keliya; but most appear only once.

These were skilled in negotiation and bearers of letters of credence Berridge These envoys assumed a symbolic signiicance.

He made clear that the selection of the Egyptian messengers mattered to him as well:Proceedings of the 51st Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Held at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, July , Rencontre Ados Partez à la rencontre d’une région verdoyante aux 49 - Victoire cruciale des U1M2 à Treillières, Voir les épisodes Gestion de projet, Coaching Agile, accompagnement au changement, Consulting technique, Conception fonctionnelle, design Web, apps.

Next Rencontre. 65 – The Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale (RAI 65) will be held in Paris (France), July , on the topic “Gods, Kings and Capitals in the Ancient Near East”. The University of Marburg has the honor to invite to the 63rd Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale to be held on July 24 th through 28 th, This will be the tenth time that the Rencontre . - The department of Ancient History and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, in association with the Research Center "Ancient Worlds Studies and Archaeologies" at the University of Innsbruck, has the honor to invite you to the 64 th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale — the annual conference of the International Association for Assyriology —, which will be at the.

The Department of Ancient Near Eastern Studies of the University of Warsaw has the honour to invite you to the 60 th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale “Fortune and Misfortune in the Ancient Near East,” to be held in Warsaw, Poland, on July 21 st through 25 th,

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