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Law This essay is looking to explain the aims of and the motivations behind the Poor Law Amendment Act, also the links to the Emancipation Act, Malthusian and Benthamite influence on the Act.
The outcome on history will not change but just maybe a clearer understanding of the reasoning behind the changes. We will write a custom essay sample on The New Poor Law or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER The first thing to look at is the amended Act itself presented by Nassau Senior and Edwin Chadwick the report took the view that people were poor and needy by either idleness or ignorance not by socioeconomic conditions, Outdoor relief for the able-bodied was to be abolished, this meant the only means of financial support for a family was to present themselves at the workhouse knowing it meant your family would be separated from each other and living in total squalor.
The Bastardy clause meant that the mother had the right to relief for her child through the workhouse supposedly for them to make the father pay, this was an attempt at legal control of moral issues. The Parishes were grouped together into unions and workhouses to be established in each union, for example Cramlington was part of the Tynemouth union which went from Blyth to North Shields and Cramlington to Benton including everything in-between.
The conditions in workhouses were to be made harsher than that of the lowest paid. Families were separated and lived in extremely poor conditions poor hygiene extremely poor food and received harsh treatment from governors.
Which was an early attempt at national control on a local level, which could never truly work at that time. The Poor Law Amendment Act passed through Parliament with large majorities and very little opposition, The Times printed objections and Cobbett fought for the rights of relief for the poor.
Chadwick had rushed the report through so some areas where not expanded on, as he had expected to take charge of the board and he knew what was meant to be done, but he only got the position of secretary to the board. From the start of the industrial evolution in England capitalist greed caused trouble.
Technological advancements in farming caused unemployment in rural areas, poor harvests caused food shortages and price rises in everything but wages.
In the war in France ends but that was not the end of troubles over the following nineteen years riots and revolutionary troubles followed such as Peterloo Massacre of There were Three revolutions in as well as the Cato street conspiracy.
The Russian December revolt of In the July revolution in France brought the abdication of Charles X and another revolt in Warsaw. The fault with pre Poor Law was the abled bodied paupers that refused to work. Parallels can be draw to Conservative views of unemployed and DLA recipients.
The New Poor law was deemed a success because it meant the workhouses where funded nationally not by the Parish and after 20yrs poor law expenditures had dropped from 9 shillings per person in to 6 shillings per person.
This was largely to do with the fact that those who would require assistance would go to great lengths including borrowing, charity, stealing and in some cases actually starving to avoid the workhouse.
This is how much fear people had of the workhouse. The Whigs were the Liberals and in general the radicals of the time, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne was Home Secretary from and PM from and as Home Secretary he dealt with Trade union movements suppressing the Tolpuddle Martyrs as well as the Swing Riots which were viewed in differing ways some say he was extremely harsh like William Cobbett whom was charged with Seditious Libel after printing a paper called Rural War in his Political Register.
Others with in the Whig Party disagree yet he managed to avoid Tory calls for military force, he used instead special constables he appointed a special commission to try at least a thousand of those arrested and ensured that justice was strictly adhered to only 19 were executed, the disturbances about reform where dealt with in similar form refusing to pass legislation against sedition.
As Melbourne was an aristocrat his interests where in keeping the status Quo, He opposed the catholic emancipation, and it did not bring the peace they had expected. He initially opposed the reform actbut reluctantly agreed that it would be necessary to stop the threat of revolution.
Then again opposing the Repeal of the Corn Laws he argued the emancipation of neither the Catholics nor the reform bill improved conditions why would this.
The depravity of the poor was in no small part the cause of the Government and the gentry. The Landowners and farmers began to regret the lost common lands and potatoes patches that allowed the poor to keep a cow geese etc allowing them to survive without going to the parish for aid, as the cost of poor rates had tripled by The bread winner wage theory meant a man working and being paid enough to provide for his whole family without his wife needing to work as we understand it but in 19th Century three very different and distinct variations in the first version it is seen as a uncommon privilege and obligation, the second as a normative reward for propriety and thirdly the bread winners wage was seen as a God given right.
The first originated with the New Poor Law of which did not assume that all working men should be bread winners who could keep their wives at home as dependants.1. Explain why the New Poor Law Amendment Act () was so controversial.
There were many arguments raised about the poor law amendment act of , this Act was thought to be the most contentious piece of legislation passed during the era of the Whig's.
This essay is looking to explain the aims of and the motivations behind the Poor Law Amendment Act, also the links to the Emancipation Act, Malthusian and Benthamite influence on the Act. The outcome on history will not change but just maybe a clearer understanding of the reasoning behind the changes.
Poor law amendment act essay writer.
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Nebridius argumentative essays. Explain why the New Poor Law Amendment Act () was so controversial.
There were many arguments raised about the poor law amendment act of , this Act was thought to be the most contentious piece of legislation passed during the era of the Whig's. The Poor Law Amendment Act and Tackling Poverty The Poor Law of was the first to codify the idea of the state to provide for the welfare of its citizens.
It distinguished between the 'deserving' and the 'undeserving' poor; relief was local and community controlled.1 The Poor Law Act Amendment Act was an amendment to the Act for the relief of The English Poor Law of