May 6, in Artois, France Died: July 28, in Paris, France Best known for:
His family has been traced back to the 12th century in Picardy ; some of his ancestors in the male line worked as notaries in Carvin near Arras from the beginning of the 17th century.
He married Jacqueline Marguerite Carrault, the daughter of a brewer, on 2 January Maximilien was the oldest of four children and was conceived out of wedlock. His siblings were Charlotte born 21 January[b] Henriette born 28 December[c] and Augustin born 21 January Until his death in Munich on 6 Novemberhe lived in Arras only occasionally; his two daughters Charlotte and Henriette were brought up by their paternal aunts, and his two sons were taken in by their maternal grandparents.
The children would visit each other on Sundays.
Robespierre studied there until age 23, receiving his training as a lawyer. Upon his graduation, he received a special prize of livres for twelve years of exemplary academic success and personal good conduct. He also studied the works of the Swiss philosophe Jean-Jacques Rousseau and was attracted to many ideas, written in his " Contrat Social ".
Robespierre became intrigued by the idea of a "virtuous self", a man who stands alone accompanied only by his conscience. Robespierre soon resigned, owing to discomfort in ruling on capital cases arising from his early opposition to the death penalty. During court hearings he was often known to promote the ideals of the Enlightenment and to argue for the rights of man.
He became regarded as one of the best writers and most popular young men of Arras. In December he was elected a member of the academy of Arras, the meetings of which he attended regularly. In the academy of Metz awarded him a medal for his essay on the question of whether the relatives of a condemned criminal should share his disgrace.
He and Pierre Louis de Lacretellean advocate and journalist in Paris, divided the prize. Many of his subsequent essays were less successful, but Robespierre was compensated for these failures by his popularity in the literary and musical society at Arras, known as the "Rosatia".
In its meetings he became acquainted with Lazare Carnotwho later became his colleague on the Committee of Public Safety. It is possible he brought up this issue so that he could have a chance to take part in the proceedings and thus change the policies of the monarchy.
In the assembly of the bailliagerivalry ran still higher, but Robespierre had begun to make his mark in politics with the Avis aux habitants de la campagne Notice to the Residents of the Countryside of With this, he secured the support of the country electors.
Although he was only thirty, comparatively poor, and lacking patronage, he was elected as the fifth deputy of the Third Estate of Artois to the Estates-General. When Robespierre arrived at Versailles few of the other deputies knew him, but he became part of the representative National Assembly 13 June declared by the Third Estate, soon to transform itself 9 July into the National Constituent Assembly.
Jacobin Club After his arrival in Paris from Versailles inalong with the National Assembly, Robespierre soon became involved with the new Society of the Friends of the Constitution, known eventually as the Jacobin Club.
After the National Assembly moved to Paris, the Club began to admit various leaders of the Parisian bourgeoisie to its membership. As time went on, many of the more educated artisans and small shopkeepers became members of the club.Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre ( – ) was a French lawyer, politician and notable figure of the French Revolution, that launched one of the modern dictatorial systems.
Initially a provincial lawyer, he was elected a deputy at the Estates-General of As the French Born: 6 May , Arras, Kingdom of France.
The fall of Maximilien Robespierre refers to the series of events beginning with Maximilien Robespierre's address to the National Convention on 8 Thermidor Year II (26 July ) and ending with his arrest and execution on 10 Thermidor Year II (28 July ).
In the speech of 8 Thermidor, Robespierre spoke of the existence of internal enemies. Kids learn about the biography of Maximilien Robespierre from the French Revolution including his early life, entering politics, the Jacobins, gaining power, the Reign of Terror, fall from power, execution, and facts.
Maximilien Marie Isidore de Robespierre was born in Arras, France, on May 6, , the oldest of four children. His mother died when he was 6 Born: May 06, Maximilien Robespierre: On the Principles of Political Morality, February This text is part of the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts for introductory level classes in modern European and World history. Maximilien Robespierre was a radical democrat and key figure in the French Revolution of Robespierre briefly presided over the influential Jacobin Club, a political club based in leslutinsduphoenix.com also served as president of the National Convention and on the Committee of Public Safety.