See Article History Alternative Title: Ruggles, Mary White was taken to America by her parents when she was a child.
Biography[ edit ] Mary White was born c. The family left England sometime beforesettled at Salem in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and moved in to Lancasteron the Massachusetts front. Four children were born to the couple between andwith their first daughter dying young. During the attack, which was anticipated by residents including Mary's husband, Joseph, the Native American raiding party killed 13 people, while at least 24 were taken captive, many of them injured.
Rowlandson and her three children, Joseph, Mary, and Sarah, were among those taken in the raid. Rowlandson's 6-year-old daughter, Sarah, succumbed from her wounds after a week of captivity. For more than 11 weeks,  Rowlandson and her children were forced to accompany the Indians as they travelled through the wilderness to carry out other raids and to elude the English militia.
InReverend Rowlandson moved his family to Wethersfield, Connecticutwhere he was installed as pastor in April of that year. He died in Wethersfield in November Mary Rowlandson and her children moved to Bostonwhere she is thought to have written her captivity narrative, although her original manuscript has not survived.
It was published in Cambridge, Massachusettsinand in London the same year. At one time scholars believed that Rowlandson had died before her narrative was published,  but she lived for many more years.
On August 6,she married Captain Samuel Talcott and took his surname. During the attack on Lancaster, she witnessed the murder of friends and family, some stripped naked and disemboweled.
Upon her capture, she travelled with her youngest child Sarah, suffering starvation, injury, and depression, to a series of Indian villages. Sarah, aged 6 years and 5 months, died en route. Mary and her other surviving children were kept separately and sold as property, until she was finally reunited with her husband.
Passages from the Bible are cited numerous times within the narrative and function as a source of Rowlandson's solace. The text of her narrative is replete with Biblical verses and references describing conditions similar to her own and have fueled much speculation regarding the influence of Increase Mather in the production of the text.
Historical marker in Princeton, Massachusetts commemorating Rowlandson's release The tensions between colonists and Native Americans, particularly in the aftermath of King Philip's War, were a source of anxiety in the colonies.
While fearful of losing connection to their own culture and society, Puritan colonists were curious about the experience of one who had lived among Native people as a captive and returned to colonial society.
Many literate English people were familiar with the captivity narratives written by English and European traders and explorers during the 17th century, who were taken captive at sea off the coast of North Africa and in the Mediterranean and sometimes sold into slavery in the Middle East.
The publication of Rowlandson's captivity narrative earned the colonist an important place in the history of American literature. A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs.
Mary Rowlandson is among the most frequently cited examples of a captivity narrative and is often viewed as an archetypal model. This important American literary genre functioned as a source of information for eighteenth- and nineteenth-century writers James Fenimore CooperAnn BleeckerJohn Williams, and James Seaver in their portrayals of colonial history.
Because of Rowlandson's encounter with her Indian captors, her narrative is also interesting for its treatment of intercultural contact. Finally, in its use of autobiography, Biblical typologyand similarity to the " Jeremiad ," A Narrative of the Captivity offers valuable insight into the Puritan mind.Mary Rowlandson: Mary Rowlandson, British American colonial author who wrote one of the first 17th-century captivity narratives, in which she told of her capture by Native Americans, revealing both elements of Native American life and of Puritan-Indian conflicts in early New England.
The Rowlandsons were eventually ransomed and freed before the end of the war, and returned to her husband, who had now relocated to Wethersfield, Connecticut. Race in the Indian Captivity Narratives of Early African Americans" (GEMCS Conference, San Antonio, Texas.
A Clash of Cultures Mary Rowlandson's “The Account of Mary Rowlandson and Other Indian Captivity Narratives” shows two different sides of the Indian people. This narrative describes Rowlandson's experience as a captive of an Indian tribe that raided the town of Lancaster in In what ways does Mary Rowlandson’s Indian captivity narrative indicate how Puritan colonists saw theirrole in British North America?
and is a critical theme in Rowlandson's account, is that. Comparing Rowlandson’s Captivity Narrative with Jacobs’ Slave Narrative The Account of Mary Rowlandson and Other Indian Captivity Narratives More about Mary Rowlandson's Captivity Narrative Essay.
Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson. Although Mary Rowlandson cannot be credited with single handedly creating the American genre known as the "Indian captivity narrative" it is safe to say that her account of her eleven week captivity was one of the earliest .