LifeOrDeath I totally agree — I am guilty of pushing the launch button a few times during group projects — but slackers are like cockroaches and all survived and I became SUPER popular! Deathmatch sounds more fun!
A Talk By Jonathan Haidt [2. Are we a community that is bound together by liberal values and then blind to any ideas or findings that threaten our sacred values? In recent years moral psychology has become a convergence zone for research in many fields. I have summarized the state of the art in moral psychology with these 4 principles.
As we think about the future of social psychology, and where we might be inI think that this 4th one is particularly helpful.
Morality binds and blinds. The biggest question of all time has sometimes been said to be this: Why is there something, rather than nothing? Why is there a universe at all, and why did it begin so rapidly 14 billion years ago? The question is usually asked of astronomers and other natural scientists, but it is just as puzzling, and just as grand, when addressed to social scientists.
Why are there large cooperative societies at all, and why did they emerge so rapidly in the last 10, years? Many animals are social.
But only a few are ultrasocial. That is, they live together in very large groups of hundreds or thousands, with a massive division of labor, and a willingness to sacrifice for the group. This trick was first discovered over million years ago by the hymenoptera, that is bees, wasps, and ants.
But it was discovered completely independently by some cockroaches who became ultrasocial; we now know them as termites. And it was also discovered completely independently by one species of mammal, the naked mole rat.
In all of these cases, though, the trick is the same, that is, they are all first degree relatives. If they keep the queen alive to reproduce, they reproduce.
We humans qualify as being ultrasocial. We live together in very large groups of hundreds or thousands or millions, with a massive division of labor and a willingness to sacrifice for the group. But how do we do it?
People of all faiths are brought together by their shared devotion to sacred objects, people, and principles.
This ability is crucial in war. II Sacredness Sacredness is a central and subtle concept in sociology and anthropology, but we can get a simple working definition of it from Phil Tetlock [a social psychologist at the University of Pennsylvania].
You can see sacredness at work most clearly in religion, of course. Those threats can be physical, as when somebody spits on or burns a bible. Some Christians started reading Adam and Eve as metaphor.
But those who really sacralized the bible were not able to make such a compromise. They went the other way. They became even more literalist, more fundamentalist.
The bible goes up, Darwin goes down. Of course, this makes it harder for them to understand the biological world around them, and they are then forced into a lot of bad biology, such as intelligent design. These distortions are easy for outsiders to see, but they are invisible to those inside the force field.
And I really mean force field.Generally speaking, the amount of available leisure time continually increased from the midth century onward. This development culminated in Western Europe in the s in the so-called leisure society, a phenomenon that is recognised today as being of both social and economic importance.
Some social scientists proposed that cohesiveness within group members grows from an intensified sense of belonging, teamwork and interdependence via division of work, and interpersonal and group-level attraction, whether through the similarity of group members or obstacles to group entry or some other procedures.
We know for sure that Judaism was a dominant religion in the Maghreb at one time, before Islam. this is false. christianity was the dominant organized religion (though there were certainly jews.
Imagine that you are a beginning graduate student accepted into a top-ranked psychology department. The first colloquium talk you go to is about deception, from a famous social psychologist.
Group (or team) cohesion was studied extensively and has received a great deal of attention in the social sciences, as evidenced by the hundreds of articles published in the past 50 years in various domains, including sports, education, and work (a quick Google search revealed that there are more than , hits for “group cohesion” and nearly , hits for “group cohesiveness”).
THE FALSE ALLURE OF GROUP SELECTION. Human beings live in groups, are affected by the fortunes of their groups, and sometimes make sacrifices that benefit their groups.