Analyze basic educational beliefs and values and their curricular implications. Describe various learning theories and their influence on curriculum planning and design. Curriculum Design Design curricular objectives and outcomes.
Ideally, organizations would adopt all three of these strategies. A few examples of each type are given here. Provider Policies One of the problems associated with reducing the incidence of medical errors is that the frequency of errors and their most important triggers are unknown.
Provider initiatives aimed at raising awareness of medical errors have shown some potential, although such programs must be coupled with limits on provider liability to encourage participation. For example, one hospital created and implemented the Good Catch Reporting Program.
Under this program, all staff are required to report suspected and identified medical errors and near misses without fear of reprisal. Senior hospital leadership appointed a patient safety manager who reports to the chief nurse and reviews all errors and near misses.
This information is used to develop system improvements for Hsn 544 curriculum safety. Within the first 3 months of the program, reporting of near misses doubled Salisbury, This approach could also be applied to the EMS environment.
EMS and hospital administrators have a number of opportunities to examine and specifically develop policies to address areas in which they believe shortcomings in patient safety exist.
Provider Training Energized by successes in the aviation industry, where teamwork training has led to reductions in errors and improved performance Risser et al.
The similarities between pilots and doctors—highly trained technically, accustomed to viewing themselves as bearers of ultimate authority and responsibility, independent yet increasingly dependent on others of varying skill levels—suggest that teamwork training may be influential in reducing errors in the medical field Sprague, Research on the impact of teamwork training in the ED is limited but Hsn 544 curriculum.
MedTeams, a Department of Defense DoD project that introduced teamwork training to health care, developed an Emergency Team Coordination Course ETCCan 8-hour didactic course for physicians, nurses, technicians, and support personnel.
Emergency Care for Children: The National Academies Press. EDs using the ETCC experienced a 67 percent increase in error-averting behavior and a 58 percent reduction in observable errors Risser et al. Training initiatives that use simulation exercises have been shown to improve performance Chorpra et al.
Simulation training involves giving emergency care providers practice in performing tasks in lifelike circumstances using human models or virtual reality, with feedback from skilled observers, other team members, and video cameras.
Some hospitals and academic medical centers use robotic human simulators for example, an infant patient simulator used to train providers for intubation so providers can experience high-risk, low-frequency events.
These human simulators, analogous to the flight simulators used by pilots, allow providers to manage a wide range of clinical scenarios and learn from mistakes without harming a real patient ECRI, The modern human patient simulator is extremely realistic, with anatomically correct clinical signs and the ability to communicate Reznek et al.
Pediatric human simulators are in use in a limited number of hospitals. For example, at the University of Michigan, simulation is used to train EMTs and pediatric residents in standardized pediatric resuscitation courses. An attending physician developed the Pediatric Mock Code Program, in which the pediatric human patient simulator is used during actual pediatric code activations.
Evaluation and training are provided to pediatric residents as well as other code team members, including nurses, pharmacists, and respiratory therapists.
The program evaluates resuscitation skills, team interaction, and team leadership skills using a variety of scenarios representing the critically ill or injured child in the arrest and prearrest state University of Michigan Health System, Evidence for the effectiveness of simulation-based training is limited and has focused primarily on adult patient settings.
However, use of and testing with pediatric human patient simulators could be a promising approach to pediatric training, particularly since many providers encounter critically ill or injured patients infrequently in practice; use of a simulator could help these providers maintain pediatric skills.
However, there is presently limited access to simulation training technologies in hospitals, and even more so in EMS environments. Mobile simulation apparatus will be needed to bring this training to providers in the field, particularly those in rural areas NHTSA, Technologies To further promote safety, attention has recently focused on identifying medications, patients, and providers with bar codes.
Using technology that reads these bar codes, a computer system can confirm that the right medication is being given to the right patient at the right time and warn the Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: But progress on this technology remains stalled as the pharmaceutical industry tries to find a standard method of identifying medications Kaushal and Bates, A review of the available controlled studies shows time savings and error reduction with the use of bar codes; however, further study is needed Oren et al.
There is also hope that the increased use of electronic health records, computerized physician order entry, decision-support systems, and the like will help improve patient safety, making it easier for emergency care providers to determine correct diagnoses and provide proper treatment to their patients Cosby, Indeed, all of these technologies have been shown to be effective in reducing errors in small evaluations involving patients of all ages Hunt et al.Read chapter 5 Improving the Quality of Pediatric Emergency Care: Children represent a special challenge for emergency care providers, because they have u.
Read chapter 5 Improving the Quality of Pediatric Emergency Care: Children represent a special challenge for emergency care providers, because they have u. HSN Design and Process of Curriculum Development HSN Design and Process of Curriculum Development Create training material(s) that could be.
Study HSN Design And Process Of Curriculum Development from University of Phoenix. View hsn course topics and additional information. Search for Continuing Education Courses.
Nursing; Search for Continuing Education Courses; Related Links. Credit Divisions and Departments. HSN Week 1 Individual Assignment Definition of Curriculum Paper Write a to word paper that defines curriculum. Briefly describe.