Print Overview Childhood apraxia of speech CAS is an uncommon speech disorder in which a child has difficulty making accurate movements when speaking.
Tomlin Biography Kathryn J. In addition to doing therapy and writing therapy materials, Kathy is an avid auction attender in search of Victorian treasures and other collectibles.
She is involved in missions work, particularly in Haiti. Kathy expresses appreciation to the people who purchase her published works since a significant portion of the proceeds are invested in helping throughout the world. Introduction Prior to a neurologic incident, many speakers utilize an auditory feedback system to monitor whether or not a word is pronounced correctly.
When a word, syllable, or phoneme is incorrectly pronounced, the speaker hears himself and is usually able to modify the physical components so it "sounds right" on the next production.
After a neurologic incident, the client may or may not be able to identify if a word, syllable, or phoneme sounds right.
He is often unable to execute the physical modifications necessary to produce a correct or close approximation of the sound or word. Impairment to these identification and modification systems can be attributed to apraxia or dysarthria, compounded by aphasia.
Success can occur when a client learns to use all three of the systems available for feedback in conjunction with therapeutic models provided by the therapist. Initially, the process will be highly conscious and intentional, but as skills improve, there will be transference to automatic, unconscious use of the three modalities for identification and modification.
In summary, the underlying purpose of the exercises in The Source for Apraxia Therapy is to help client transfer from an auditory feedback system to a visual-auditory-kinesthetic system.
The emphasis is to utilize all possible feedback by looking, listening, and feeling. The initial focus of therapy is on imitation of the clinician until feedback systems are firmly established.
The exercises progress from imitation to self-identification and self-modification using the feedback systems as speech intelligibilty, fluency, and prosody are improved.
The exercises also facilitate articulation, co-articulation, and compensation. The goal of this program is to progress to preciseness. As your client learns each phoneme group, include it in future exercises.
For example, after a client has mastered bilabials, expect them to be articulated correctly when the client is working on labio-dentals. The exercises that follow the phoneme groups focus on:Overview of Stroke - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the Merck Manuals - Medical Professional Version.
Examples of Materials That Can Be Adapted For Therapy a collection of resources by Judith Maginnis Kuster.
The following is one section of Judith Kuster's Net Connections for Communication Disorders and Sciences (leslutinsduphoenix.com).The internet is FULL of materials that can be adapted to speechlanguage therapy. INTRODUCTION. The word "chorea" is derived from the Latin "choreus," meaning "dance." Chorea is a hyperkinetic movement disorder characterized by involuntary brief, random, and irregular contractions conveying a feeling of restlessness to the observer .Chorea may be caused by hereditary neurodegenerative diseases, follow structural .
Presented by: Simon Tan, PsyD, ABPP-CN Clinical Assistant Professor, Neurology and Neurological Sciences Stanford University Medical Center March 30, Ideomotor Apraxia.
Ideomotor apraxia has been defined as “an impairment in the timing, sequencing, and spatial organization of gestural movements.” 7 Patients with ideomotor apraxia exhibit mainly temporal and spatial errors. The movements are incorrectly produced, .
Working with Bilingual Children Who Have Childhood Apraxia of Speech This presentation provides an overview of the nee >>Details.